Malaria Symptoms: Common Malaria Symptoms & Treatment

Malaria Symptoms: Common Malaria Symptoms & Treatment

Malaria is one infectious disease which have created major concern as it regards human health. Thus understanding malaria symptoms, treatment and prevention is very paramount; making it necessary to enlighten both old and young and then creating sustainable awareness about the disease.

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting human race and even animals. The disease is widespread in the tropical and subtropical regions including sub-Sahara Africa, Latin America and Asia.

In U.S about 1,500 – 2000 people are diagnosed of malaria each year, usually in travelers returning from endemic areas.

It is caused by a group of single-celled parasitic protozoan which belong to plasmodium group.

Although the the risk and spread of malaria and malaria symptoms can be reduced and even prevented through cautious prevention of mosquito bites; when infected, symptoms could be severe if not attended to.

The disease is most commonly transmitted by an infected female Anopheles mosquito. The mosquito bite introduces the parasites from the mosquito’s saliva into a person’s blood.

The parasites travel to the liver where they mature and reproduce. Five species of Plasmodium can infect and be spread by humans.

Most deaths are caused by Plasmodium falciparum because P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae generally cause a milder form of malaria and malaria symptoms.

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Malaria: Malaria Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment

The spread of malaria disease can be controlled and reduce by preventing mosquito bites through certain practices including;

1. Use of Mosquito nets
2. Use of insect repellent
3. Spraying insecticides
4. Draining gutters and stagnant water

And other such measures.

Malaria Treatment

Where malaria symptoms are suspected, it is recommended that before treatment, the disease be confirmed, this is with concern to the increasing resistance of malaria drugs.

* Nevertheless, there are series of malaria medications which are available for travelers going to such regions where malaria disease is common.

* One recommended treatment for malaria is a combination of antimalarial medications that includes an artemisinin.

* Another medication may be either mefloquine, lumefantrine, or sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine.

* Quinine along with doxycycline may be used if an artemisinin is not available.

While efforts are constantly being made to combat malaria and malaria symptoms, resistance to drug is also at increase.

For instance, resistance among the parasites has developed to several antimalarial medications; for example, chloroquine-resistant P. falciparum has spread to most malarial areas, and resistance to artemisinin has become a problem in some parts of Southeast Asia inclusive.

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What are common Malaria Symptoms?

Malaria symptoms usually manifests 8 – 15 days after bitten by an infected mosquito and disease symptoms include but not limited to the following;

1. Fever
2. Vomiting
3. Headache
4. Sweat
5. Chills
Severe cases can result to
6. Coma
7. Yellow skin
8. Seizures
Other malaria symptoms can include
9. Muscle pains
10. Diarrhea
11. Generally feeling unwell

Without care, attention and adequate treatment, malaria is capable of causing death. And as such malaria symptoms and malaria disease generally should be taken with every seriousness, and awareness should be encouraged.

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