Diabetes Mellitus: Signs Of Diabetes, Treatments & Diabetes Symptoms Everyone Must know
Signs Of Diabetes, Treatments & Diabetes Symptoms – Diabetes is a disease in which there is impairment in the body’s ability to produce and respond to insulin hormone, rulting in medically abnormal carbohydrates metabolism leading to increased glucose level in the urine and blood.
It is a serious life health challenge, a condition which when the amount of glucose in the blood is too high, (as result of the body inability to make adequate use of the glucose(sugar)) leads to serious and life threatening signs, symptoms and complications. Nevertheless, all diabetes symptoms and complications could be managed and deserves proper care, attention and control.
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There are Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes, of which both all share the problem of high levels of blood sugar.
In United States, 25.8 million people have diabetes, – that’s about 8.3 percent of the population. While Type 1 diabetes affect just 5 percent of the adults, Type 2 diabetes affects up to 95 percent.
In this article, we will be focusing on the diabetes diabetes treatment, signs and diabetes symptoms or complications.
Diabetes Treatment: Diabetes Symptoms , Signs & Treatments
All types of diabetes are manageable. Although Type 1 & Type 2 diabetes may last a life time, however, some patients have managed to get rid of diabetes symptoms without medication, simply through a combination of exercise, diet and body weight control.
Patients with type 1 are treated with regular insulin injections, as well as a special diet and exercise.
Patients with Type 2 diabetes are usually treated with tablets, exercise and a special diet, but sometimes insulin injections are also required.
If diabetes is not adequately controlled the patient has a significantly higher risk of developing complications.
Complications: Diabetes Symptoms, Signs, & Complications
Although diabetes symptoms and signs could be managed, however, here are few complications & symptoms which have been associated with diabetes disease.
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The following complications are linked to diabetes;
- Skin complications – people with diabetes are more susceptible to skin infections and skin disorders
- Heart problems – such as ischemic heart disease, when the blood supply to the heart muscle is diminished
- Hypertension – One of the Diabetes symptoms common in people with diabetes, which can raise the risk of kidney disease, eye problems, heart attack and stroke
- Eye complications – glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, and some others.
- Foot complications – neuropathy, ulcers, and sometimes gangrene which may require that the foot be amputated
- Mental health – uncontrolled diabetes raises the risk of suffering from depression, anxiety and some other mental disorders
- Hearing loss – diabetes patients have a higher risk of developing hearing problems
- Gum disease – there is a much higher prevalence of gum disease among diabetes patients
- Stroke – if blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood glucose levels are not controlled, the risk of stroke increases significantly
- Erectile dysfunction – male impotence.
- Infections – people with badly controlled diabetes are much more susceptible to infections
- Gastroparesis – the muscles of the stomach stop working properly
- Ketoacidosis – a combination of ketosis and acidosis; accumulation of ketone bodies and acidity in the blood.
- Neuropathy – diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage which can lead to several different problems.
- HHNS (Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome) – blood glucose levels shoot up too high, and there are no ketones present in the blood or urine. It is an emergency condition.
- Nephropathy – uncontrolled blood pressure can lead to kidney disease
- PAD (peripheral arterial disease) – Diabetes symptoms may include pain in the leg, tingling and sometimes problems walking properly
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